In the United States, muckrakers was the name for writers whose aim was expose corruption: i.e. to search for and expose misconduct in public life.
In chronological order:
- 1908 - Ray Stannard Baker "Following the " written to expose racial discrimination.
- 1906 - David Graham Phillips "The Treason and the Senate " exposing child labor.
- 1905 - Charles Edward Russell He wrote about social dislocation.
Worthy of honorable mention:
- Ida Minvera Tarbell (1857 - 1944), U.S. journalist, known for "muckraking" exposés of political and corporate corruption; also a biographer, notably of ; and the only lady in the bunch!
More Presidential Trivia:
American presidents, (Thomas) Woodrow Wilson and Theodore Roosevelt, were Nobel Prize winners. 1906, Roosevelt received the award for being a mediator and arbitrating an end to the Russo-Japanese conflict; there was a dispute over +Manchuria and +Korea. Wilson received the prize in 1919, for establishing the League of Nations after World War I (1914 - 1918).
The "teddy bear" is named after Roosevelt's nickname Teddy because he went hunting and didn't want to shoot a baby cub. Many people think a teddy bear with roses is an irresistible gift for Valentines Day?